North South Rail Link - Stage One


Prospective pipeline

Credibly proposed


Under procurement

Preferred bidder announced

Recently closed
North South Rail Link - Stage One

Prospective pipeline

Greenfield (construction) or brownfield (government asset divestment) projects needed or likely to occur within the next five years, but is not formally proposed by a state, territory or major local government.

Credibly proposed

The project or divestment is supported by a state, territory or major local government, is subject to studies or other processes (such as pre-feasibility or scoping studies or business case development), and is likely to proceed to formal announcement.   


The project has a firm commitment and timeline from a state, territory or major local government, but has not yet entered the market.

Under procurement

The project or transaction is under procurement (such as a call for Expressions of Interest, requests for tender, or another offer to the market).

Preferred bidder announced

A preferred bidder has been selected and is in exclusive negotiations.

Recently closed

Projects that have progressed to contractual close remain on ANZIP for 12 months.

ANZIP is focused only on major infrastructure activity, above the following thresholds:


Construction projects: > AUD$300m

Investable greenfield & brownfield: > AUD$100m

New Zealand

All greenfield and brownfield projects and divestments: > NZD $100 million

STATUS: Prospective pipeline
TYPE: Greenfield

The proposed North-South Rail Link (NSRL) would see the construction of a rail link to Western Sydney Airport (WSA) and the planned Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis.

The full Link proposed in the Federal and NSW Government's Western Sydney Rail Needs Study Outcomes Report is to run from Schoefields via WSA and the Aerotropolis in Bringelly to Macarthur.

Stage One of the NSRL, the centerpiece of the Western Sydney City Deal announced in March 2018, would run from St Marys through WSA to the Aerotropolis.

Further stages proposed by the Outcomes Report include (subject to funding being made available at a later time):

- St Marys to Schofields and Sydney Metro NorthWest, delivered five years after WSA Opens (2031); and

- Aerotropolis to Macarthur, delivered 10-15 years after WSA opens (2036-2041).

The Outcomes Report also identifies that metro trains like those that will operate on Sydney Metro, or light metro trains would suit the NSRL.

As part of the City Deal announcement, the Federal and NSW governments announced they will both commit up to $50 million for development of a business case for the full Link and will conduct market sounding on private sector interest in station developments along with exploring financing solutions such as value sharing. Both governments committed their shares in their respective 2018-19 Budgets.

The stated objective of both governments is to open Stage One before WSA starts operating in 2026, subject to the business case. Both governments have committed to jointly fund the Stage One of the NSRL in a 50-50 split.

The full North South Rail Link is estimated to cost $15-$20 billion, with the Outcomes Report noting that the NSRL is projected to become economically viable in the 2030s.

Similarly Infrastructure NSW (INSW) notes in the NSW State Infrastructure Strategy 2018 - 2038 that further rail connections to the Aerotropolis via WSA should only be a priority for the NSW Government once justified by patronage reaching a critical mass, which is unlikely before 2036, unless Federal Government and/or private sector investment significantly offsets the NSW Government's contribution.

Delivery of Stage One is expected to be tasked to Transport for NSW (TfNSW).

Further information on the implementation of Stage One is likely to be included in the City Deal Implementation Plan expected to be released later in 2018.

In April 2018 the NSW Government released the recommended corridor for the North South Rail Link, which identifies tunnels that could be used for the line between Macarthur and Oran Park via Narellan, and from Orchard Hills to St Marys. Public feedback on the recommended corridor is due by 1 June 2018.

Infrastructure Australia lists Western Sydney Airport public transport connection as a long-term (10-15 years) Priority Initiative on its Infrastructure Priority List.

Last reviewed: 25/06/2018

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Government sponsors


Supporting agencies