Inland Rail - Toowoomba to Kagaru sections PPP


Prospective pipeline

Credibly proposed


Under procurement

Preferred bidder announced

Recently closed
Inland Rail - Toowoomba to Kagaru sections PPP

Prospective pipeline

Greenfield (construction) or brownfield (government asset divestment) projects needed or likely to occur within the next five years, but is not formally proposed by a state, territory or major local government.

Credibly proposed

The project or divestment is supported by a state, territory or major local government, is subject to studies or other processes (such as pre-feasibility or scoping studies or business case development), and is likely to proceed to formal announcement.   


The project has a firm commitment and timeline from a state, territory or major local government, but has not yet entered the market.

Under procurement

The project or transaction is under procurement (such as a call for Expressions of Interest, requests for tender, or another offer to the market).

Preferred bidder announced

A preferred bidder has been selected and is in exclusive negotiations.

Recently closed

Projects that have progressed to contractual close remain on ANZIP for 12 months.

ANZIP is focused only on major infrastructure activity, above the following thresholds:


Construction projects: > AUD$300m

Investable greenfield & brownfield: > AUD$100m

New Zealand

All greenfield and brownfield projects and divestments: > NZD $100 million

STATUS: Under procurement
VALUE: $3.55bn AUD
TYPE: Greenfield

The circa $10 billion Inland Rail project would see the creation of a 1,700 kilometre Melbourne to Brisbane freight rail line along Australia's east-coast - bypassing the congested Sydney network and the circuitous north coast line via Australia’s four richest farming regions in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.

The 2017-18 Federal Budget announced that the Toowoomba (Gowrie) to Kagaru sections of the project are to be delivered through a Public Private Partnership (PPP). Under this delivery arrangement, the private sector will design, build, finance and maintain this section of the railway over a long-term concession period of approximately 15 to 30 years. ARTC anticipates the PPP structure will be an 'availability charge' type arrangement. The PPP will have a maintenance concession period of up to 25 years.

The Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC) lists three sections that comprise the Toowoomba to Kagaru sections. These are Gowrie to Helidon (G2H), Helidon to Calvert (H2C) and Calvert to Kagaru (C2K). In total the Toowomba to Kagaru sections will include:

  • circa 130 kilometres of new dual gauge track;
  • almost nine kilometres of tunnels, including a 6.5 kilometre tunnel through the Toowoomba Ranges;
  • 25 level crossings and 10 road-over-rail separations
  • 21 viaducts totalling 5.7 kilometres in length;
  • 37 river bridges, including 20 totalling one kilometre between Helidon and Calvert; and
  • 11 crossing loops.


The Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Terms of Reference (ToR) for the G2H and H2C sections have been released by the Queensland Government Department of State Development (DSD). The final ToR for the C2K section EIS were released in December 2017. Final Environmental Impact Statements will be submitted to the Queensland Coordinator-General in 2019, with approvals to be granted in 2020.

In February 2018, the Future Freight Joint Venture, comprising Aurecon and AECOM, was awarded the feasiblity design contract for the project. In June 2018, the Future Freight Joint Venture was also awarded the contract for the design work for the project. A contract for the geotechnical surveying of the tunnel route was awarded to Golder Associates in November 2018.

Project information provided to DSD as part of these processes states the combined investment required for the PPP is $3.55 billion.

In October 2018 the ARTC called for Registrations of Interest (ROI) for the project.

In late March 2019, ARTC called for Expressions of Interest (EOI) for the project, closing on 14 May 2019. A Request for Proposal is due by the end of 2020.

The indicative project timeline has construction scheduled to begin in 2021 and be completed in 2024-25.

Last reviewed: 24/07/2020

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